david pritchard. bibliography.

Keyword: "smart growth"

[1] Don Alexander and Ray Tomalty. Smart Growth and sustainable development: challenges, solutions and policy directions. Local Environment, 7(4):397-409, 2002. [ bib ]
Keywords: urban planning, canada, smart growth
[2] Jerry Anthony. Do state growth management regulations reduce sprawl? Urban Affairs Review, 39(3):376-397, 2004. [ bib ]
Interesting data, but hard to draw many conclusions. The regression model's pooling of data is very dodgy... the 1982-1992 data points and 1992-1997 likely have correlated error terms. I imagine the data has issues, too-I'm wary of urban density figures, particularly when they don't define them carefully and had to analyse every area in the United States. There are interesting insights, though, particularly regarding Hawaii, Washington, and Florida. Florida limits development to areas with adequate infrastructure... but includes “high level-of-service roads” as part of the definition, excluding inner-city and dense areas with congested roads!
Keywords: urban planning, smart growth
[3] P.R. Berke and M.M. Conroy. Are we planning for sustainable development? An evaluation of 30 comprehensive plans. Journal of the American Planning Assocation, 66:21-33, 2000. [ bib ]
Keywords: smart growth, urban planning
[4] Anthony Downs. New Visions for Metropolitan America. The Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C., USA, 1994. [ bib ]
In the first three chapters (the only part I've read), there were some very interesting discussion of growth management policies, equity and racial segregation in the USA.

One point I found interesting was the discussion of preferences. In general, Americans want single-family detached houses, auto-based travel, free parking and short travel times. The planning system in many ways guarantees the first two: suburbs have extremely high minimum standards for housing (low density single-family homes), and generally provide generous roads and free parking. The last aspect of preferences cannot be guaranteed due to growth and swamping of existing roads by new travel, discussed at length in the book. This is the aspect I find interesting: the system is inherently biased towards one set of preferences (housing) and limits trading off housing against travel time-if an individual prefers short travel times and is willing to accept “lower quality” dense housing in return, that option is rarely available. In other words, this minimum provision limits choices, a point that Andre Sorensen has made repeatedly in his discussions in the course I'm taking.

Downs notes that one-third of US households did not live in single-family homes in 1990, and one-third were renters (presumably with substantial overlap). He describes the provision of low-cost housing as a “trickle-down” process: since cheap new housing is prohibited, only degraded older houses are available for those who cannot afford the suburban single-family home. This process breaks down when “net housing construciton is lower than net household formation”-i.e., periods of rapid growth.

Keywords: urban planning, equity, zoning, urban politics, smart growth
[5] Anthony Downs. What does Smart Growth really mean? Planning, 67(4):20-25, 2001. [ bib ]
Keywords: urban planning, smart growth
[6] Anthony Downs. Smart Growth: Why we discuss it more than we do it. Journal of the American Planning Association, 71(4):367-378, 2005. [ bib ]
Keywords: transport planning, urban form, transit, land use transport link, urban politics, smart growth
[7] Pierre Filion. Towards smart growth? The difficult implementation of alternatives to urban dispersion. Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 12(1):48-70, 2003. [ bib ]
The smart growth concept has recently achieved prominence within the planning profession. It represents a reaction to mounting resentment towards the adverse consequences of prevailing forms of urbanization: air pollution, high development costs and deteriorating quality of life. The article examines the possibility of implementing smart growth proposals within the prevailing political, economic and value environment. After drawing lessons from the lack of success of attempts at altering urban development over the last thirty years, the article proposes two smart growth strategies. To maintain their implementation potential and capacity to modify urbanization trends, the strategies avoid clashes with entrenched preference patterns and powerful interest groups. The first strategy consists in an expansion of the high-density transit-oriented compact urban realm into the ambient low-density car-dependent dispersed realm. The second strategy involves the creation of mixed-use high-density corridors, hospitable to transit use and walking, within newly urbanized areas.

An excellent article, aimed at realistic incremental policies to change urban densities, the main obstacle to mode share changes. The solutions he presents are not new at all, but the political context and discussion of suburban values are worth thinking about.
Keywords: urban planning, urban politics, canada, urban form, smart growth
[8] Melanie Hare. Exploring growth management roles in Ontario: Learning from “who does what” elsewhere. Technical report, Ontario Professional Planners Institute, Toronto, ON, Canada, September 2001. [ bib ]
Keywords: urban planning, smart growth, canada
[9] Alex Krieger. The costs-and benefits?-of sprawl. In William S. Saunders, editor, Sprawl and Suburbia: A Harvard Design Magazine Reader, chapter 5, pages 44-56. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN, USA, 2005. [ bib ]
Keywords: smart growth, urban planning
[10] Terry Moore and Arthur C. Nelson. Lessons for effective urban-containment and resource-land preservation policy. Journal of Urban Planning and Development, 12:157-171, 1994. [ bib ]
Keywords: urban planning, smart growth, urban growth boundary
[11] Arthur C. Nelson. Preserving prime farmland in the face of urbanization: lessons from Oregon. Journal of the American Planning Association, 58(4):467-488, 1992. [ bib ]
Keywords: smart growth, urban growth boundary
[12] Arthur C. Nelson. Comparing states with and without growth management regulations based on indicators with policy implications. Land Use Policy, 16:121-127, 1999. [ bib ]
Keywords: urban planning, smart growth
[13] Arthur C. Nelson, J. Duncan, C. Mullen, and K. Bishop. Growth Management Principles and Practices. American Planning Association, Chicago, IL, USA, 1995. [ bib ]
Keywords: smart growth, urban planning
[14] Rolf Pendall. Do land use controls cause sprawl? Environment and Planning B, 26(4):555-571, 1999. [ bib ]
Keywords: urban planning, zoning, smart growth
[15] Emily Talen and Gerrit-Jan Knaap. Legalizing smart growth: an empirical study of land use regulation in Illinois. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 22:345-359, 2003. [ bib ]
Keywords: urban planning, smart growth
[16] Ray Tomalty. The compact metropolis: Growth management and intensification in Vancouver, Toronto, and Montreal. ICANN Publications, Toronto, ON, Canada, 1997. [ bib ]
Keywords: urban planning, canada, smart growth
[17] Ray Tomalty. Growth management in the Vancouver region. Local Environment, 7(4):431-445, 2002. [ bib ]
A good article summarizing the history of the GVRD and the effectiveness of its growth management. Invaluable for anyone new to the Vancouver planning scene, or for those who just want to step back momentarily and look at the big picture.
Keywords: urban planning, canada, smart growth, urban growth boundary
[18] J. Weitz. From quiet revolution to Smart Growth: State growth management programs, 1960 to 1999. Journal of Planning Literature, 14:267-338, 1999. [ bib ]
Keywords: smart growth, urban planning

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