david pritchard. bibliography.

Keyword: "history"

[1] Katie Alvord. Divorce Your Car! Ending the love affair with the automobile. New Society Publishers, 2001. [ bib ]
Keywords: general interest, history, transport planning, urban planning
[2] Tracy B. Augur. The dispersal of cities as a defensive measure. Journal of the American Institute of Planners, pages 29-35, Summer 1948. [ bib ]
Keywords: urban form, urban planning, history
[3] Peter C. Baldwin. Domesticating the street: the reform of public space in Hartford, 1850-1930. Ohio State University Press, Columbus, OH, USA, 1999. [ bib ]
Keywords: streets, history, urban politics, street design, roadspace reallocation, zoning
[4] Hans Blumenfeld. The modern metropolis: its origins, growth, characteristics and planning. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA, 1967. [ bib ]
Keywords: history, urban planning
[5] Colin D. Buchanan. Mixed Blessing: The Motor in Britain. Leonard Hill, London, UK, 1958. [ bib ]
Keywords: transport planning, history
[6] Trudi Bunting and Pierre Filion, editors. Canadian Cities in Transition: The Twenty-First Century. Oxford University Press, 2nd edition, 2000. [ bib ]
Keywords: canada, urban planning, geography, transport planning, history, urban economics
[7] W.J. Coffey. The evolution of Canada's metropolitan economies. Technical report, Institute for Research on Public Policy, Montreal, QC, Canada, 1994. [ bib ]
Keywords: canada, history
[8] Heather Conn and Henry Ewert. Vancouver's Glory Years: Public Transit 1890-1915. Whitecap Books, North Vancouver, BC, Canada, 2003. [ bib ]
Keywords: general interest, history, canada, transit
[9] Mike Davis. How Eden lost its garden. In Allen Scott and Edward Soja, editors, The City. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA, USA, 1997. [ bib ]
Keywords: history
[10] Mike Davis. Late Victorian Holocausts: El Niño famines and the making of the Third World. Verso, London, UK, 2001. [ bib ]
Keywords: history
[11] Mike Davis. Dead Cities and other tales. The New Press, New York, NY, USA, 2002. [ bib |

detailed annotation

Keywords: general interest, history, sociology, urban planning, urban politics
[12] Michael Quinn Dudley. Sprawl as strategy: City planners face the bomb. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 21:52-63, 2001. [ bib ]
Keywords: urban form, urban planning, history
[13] R. Fogelson. The Fragmented Metropolis: Los Angeles from 1850 to 1930. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, USA, 1967. [ bib ]
Keywords: geography, history, urban planning
[14] L. Frost. The new urban frontier: Urbanisation and city building in Australasia and the American West. University of New South Wales Press, Sydney, Australia, 1991. [ bib ]
Keywords: history, urban planning
[15] Stephen B. Goddard. Getting There: The Epic Struggle between Road and Rail in the American Century. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, USA, 1994. [ bib ]
Keywords: history, finance, urban politics
[16] Phil Goodwin. Solving congestion. Inaugural Lecture for the Professorship of Transport Policy, University College London, 1997. [ bib | http ]
A good overview of progress from the 1960s “predict and provide” approach to the current idea that road capacity is fundamentally a policy decision.
Keywords: transport modelling, history, transport planning
[17] Peter Hall. Cities of Tomorrow: An Intellectual History of Urban Planning and Design in the Twentieth Century. Basil Blackwell Limited, Oxford, UK, 1988. [ bib ]
In the chapter I read (#9), there was some mildly interesting background, although mostly material I'd seen before elsewhere. There's some discussion of Harland Bartholomew, the planner who laid out Vancouver's street grid, although he's claimed to belong to the same camp as Robert Moses. The most interesting part of the chapter was the way he highlighted the impossibility of effective land planning in the American regulatory system, how that came about, and how it differs from Europe.
Keywords: history, urban planning, land use transport link
[18] Peter Hall. The Buchanan report: 40 years on. Transport, 157(1):7-14, 2004. [ bib | DOI ]
Keywords: history, urban planning, transport planning
[19] Richard Harris. Unplanned Suburbs: Toronto's American Tragedy, 1900 to 1950. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA, 1996. [ bib |

detailed annotation

Keywords: urban planning, history, urban form, canada
[20] D.W. Jones Jr. Urban Transit Policy: An Economic and Political History. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA, 1985. [ bib ]
Keywords: transit, history
[21] John Jørgensen. Evolution of the finger structure. In Geneviève Dubois-Taine, editor, From Helsinki to Nicosia: Eleven Case Studies & Synthesis. Cost Office Urban Civil Engineering, Brussels, Belgium, 2004. [ bib | .pdf ]
Keywords: history, urban planning, urban form
[22] Jane Holtz Kay. Asphalt Nation. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA, USA, 1997. [ bib ]
Keywords: general interest, history, equity
[23] Christopher Klemek. Jane Jacobs and the fall of urban renewal order in New York and Toronto. Journal of Urban History, 33(5), 2007. [ bib ]
Keywords: history, canada
[24] Christopher Klemek. Placing Jane Jacobs within the transatlantic urban conversation. Journal of the American Planning Association, 73(1):49-67, 2007. [ bib ]
An interesting slice of history regarding a writer who was an early influence on my thinking. Mumford's relation to her is intriguing- first encouraging her to publish, then writing a patronizing review, but later coming around somewhat. Also intriguing: her Toronto connections with Marshall McLuhan, Hans Blumenfeld.
Keywords: urban planning, history
[25] F. Kostoff. The city shaped: urban patterns and meanings through history. Thames and Hudson, London, UK, 1991. [ bib ]
Keywords: urban planning, history
[26] James H. Kunstler. The Geography of Nowhere: The Rise and Decline of America's Man-Made Landscape. Touchstone, New York City, NY, USA, 1993. [ bib ]
Keywords: general interest, history, urban form
[27] James H. Kunstler. Home from Nowhere. Simon & Schuster, New York City, NY, USA, 1996. [ bib ]
Keywords: general interest, history, urban form
[28] W. Middleton. The Time of the Trolley. Kalmbach Publishing, Milwaukee, WI, USA, 1967. [ bib ]
Keywords: transit, transport planning, history
[29] Donald Monson and Astrid Monson. A program for urban dispersal. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 7:244-250, 1951. [ bib ]
Keywords: urban planning, history, urban form
[30] Peter O. Muller. Transportation and urban form: Stages in the spatial evolution of the American metropolis. In Susan Hanson, editor, The Geography of Urban Transportation, chapter 2, pages 26-52. Guildford Press, New York City, NY, USA, 1st edition, 1986. [ bib ]
An interesting take on a classic topic. (See also: MooTho94, NewKen96, etc.) I found the discussion of class interesting: dispersed development (initially in the form of streetcar suburbs, later in the form of auto suburbs) allowed the middle-class to achieve something that had previously been reserved for the upper-class: income segregation. Prohibition was part of this process: dry districts were partly intended to keep out the working classes. Streetcars also opened up enough space to allow the formation of ethnic neighbourhoods for the first time, which is certainly evident in a city like Toronto. The period from 1920-1930 was the “point im time, many geographers and planners would agree, that intrametropolitan transportation achieved its greatest level of efficiency-the burgeoning city truly `worked.' ” Muller cites some great studies: Bae78 shows the evolution of land uses along a Minneapolis freeway corridor from 1953-1976 as a new `downtown' emerged along the freeway.
Keywords: urban form, land use transport link, history
[31] Lewis Mumford. The Culture of Cities. Harcourt, Brace, and Company, New York City, NY, USA, 1938. [ bib ]
Keywords: sociology, urban planning, history
[32] Lewis Mumford. The City in History: Its origins, its transformations and its prospects. Harcourt, Brace, New York City, NY, USA, 1961. [ bib ]
Keywords: history, urban planning, urban design, urban politics
[33] Lewis Mumford. Mother Jacobs' home remedies for urban cancer. New Yorker, 38(41):148-179, Dec 1 1962. [ bib ]
Keywords: history, urban planning
[34] Lewis Mumford. Not too late yet. New Yorker, 39(42):148-157, Dec 7 1963. [ bib ]
Keywords: history, urban planning
[35] Lewis Mumford. The Highway in the City. Secker and Warburg, London, UK, 1964. [ bib ]
Keywords: transport planning, urban planning, history
[36] M. Neutze. Urban development in Australia. George Allen and Unwin, Sydney, Australia, 1977. [ bib ]
Keywords: history, urban planning
[37] John V. Punter. The Vancouver Achievement: Urban Planning and Design. University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 2003. [ bib |

detailed annotation

This book examines the development of Vancouver's unique approach to zoning, planning, and urban design from the early 1970s to the beginning of the twenty-first century. By the late 1990s, Vancouver had established a reputation in North America for its planning achievement, especially for its creation of a participative, responsive, and design-led approach to urban regeneration and redevelopment. This system has other important features: an innovative approach to megaproject planning, a system of cost and amenity levies on major schemes, a participative process to underpin active neighbourhood planning, and a sophisticated panoply of design guidelines. These systems, processes, and their achievements place Vancouver at the forefront of international planning practice. The Vancouver Achievement explains the keys to its success, and evaluates its approach to planning and design against internationally accepted criteria. Generously illustrated with over 160 photos and figures, this book - the first comprehensive account of contemporary planning and urban design practice in any Canadian city - will appeal to academic and professional audiences, as well as the general public.

Keywords: history, canada, urban planning, urban politics, architecture, streets, urban design
[38] Traute Rafalski. Social planning and corporatism; modernization tendencies in Italian Fascism. International Journal of Political Science, 18(1), 1988. [ bib ]
Keywords: history
[39] Steen Eiler Rasmussen. London: The Unique City. Cape, London, UK, 1937. [ bib ]
Keywords: urban planning, history
[40] K. Schaeffer and E. Sclar. Access for All: Transportation and Urban Growth. Columbia University Press, New York City, NY, USA, 1980. [ bib ]
Keywords: transport planning, urban planning, urban form, land use transport link, history
[41] J. Schilling and L. Linton. The public health roots of zoning: in search of active living's legal genealogy. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 28(2):96-104, 2005. [ bib ]
Keywords: active transportation, history, urban planning
[42] Michael Southworth and B. Parthasarathy. The suburban public realm I: its emergence, growth and transformation in the American metropolis. Journal of Urban Design, 1(3):245-264, 1996. [ bib ]
Keywords: urban planning, history, urban design
[43] Michael Southworth and B. Parthasarathy. The suburban public realm II: Eurourbanism, New Urbanism, and the implications for urban design in the American metropolis. Journal of Urban Design, 2(1):9-35, 1997. [ bib ]
Keywords: urban planning, history, urban design, new urbanism
[44] Les Sterman, David J. Armijo, David Bayliss, Stephen J. Del Giudice, Helen E. Gault, Genevieve Giuliano, Charles A. Lave, Herbert S. Levinson, John R. Pucher, Jack M. Reilly, Beverly A. Scott, Joel A. Tarr, and Jeffrey M. Zupan. Making transit work: Insight from Western Europe, Canada, and the United States. Special Report 257, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., USA, 2001. [ bib | .pdf ]
Some excellent insights into the reasons why transit ridership is so low in the United States. A particularly interesting note regards the historical growth in Europe and the US: European cities have experienced relatively little growth during the age of the automobile, which goes a long way towards explaining their limited suburbanisation. The comparison between Canada and US is more apt, since both have experienced similar growth levels during the automobile age.
Keywords: transit, urban form, land use transport link, canada, history
[45] J. Vance. Geography and urban evolution in the San Francisco Bay Area. Technical report, Institute of Governmental Studies, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, 1964. [ bib ]
Keywords: transport planning, urban planning, history, geography
[46] Martin Wachs. Autos, transit, and the sprawl of Los Angeles: the 1920s. Journal of the American Planning Association, 50(3):297-310, 1984. [ bib ]
A different take on Los Angeles than I'd heard before. Wachs describes a city that was distinct from an early age. Its initial trajectory was not so different from Vancouver: a population of only 6000 in 1870, linked to the railroad in 1876. But it exploded from there, to 50,000 by 1890, up to 320,000 by 1910, and 1.2 million by 1930-and already 780,000 cars by that date. The city motorized extremely early, aided by the California climate and local conditions. The immigrants were quite well-to-do, mostly born in the USA and raised with American values, and settled in a very dispersed pattern well before the arrival of the automobile, mostly aided by streetcars. The city developed in parallel with communications technology (the telephone) and at the height of the City Beautiful movement. Also, building heights were constrained by city laws after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. Already by 1924, 48 percent entering the CBD came by car. The decisive stroke in favour of automobiles, however, was the decision to proceed with an incremental roads and highway plan (1924), and the failure to adopt a proposed high-cost transit plan (1926).
Keywords: history, land use transport link, transit
[47] S.B. Warner. Streetcar Suburbs. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, USA, 1962. [ bib ]
Keywords: history, transport planning, urban planning, transit
[48] Stephen M. Wheeler. The evolution of urban form in Portland and Toronto: implications for sustainability planning. Local Environment, 8(3):317-336, June 2003. [ bib | http ]
This paper analyses the evolution of urban form in two North American metropolitan regions (Portland and Toronto) and asks how more sustainable regional form might come about in the future in these and other urban areas. In the past, dominant patterns of urban form have emerged in such regions at different historical periods. These morphological phases include mid 19th-century grids, streetcar suburb grids, garden suburbs, automobile suburbs and New Urbanist neighbourhoods (which have only recently made an appearance and may or may not become widespread). Judging by the performance of past types of urban morphology, five design values appear particularly important for more sustainable urban form in the future: compactness, contiguity, connectivity, diversity and ecological integration. Although these principles were not well supported by 20th-century development, contemporary movements such as the New Urbanism and Smart Growth re-emphasise them. The example of these two regions indicates that, in the absence of new technological, economic or geographical forces, public sector institutions and urban social movements represent the most likely means to bring about new, more sustainable types of urban form.

Keywords: urban form, canada, streets, history, transport planning, urban planning, new urbanism
[49] William H. Whyte. Urban sprawl. Fortune, pages 103-111, 194, 198, January 1958. [ bib ]
Keywords: urban planning, history
[50] G. Yago. The Decline of Transit: Urban Transportation in German and U.S. Cities, 1900-1970. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, MA, USA, 1984. [ bib ]
Keywords: transit, transport planning, history

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