David Banister and John Pucher.
Can sustainable transport be made acceptable?
In Presented at the STELLA Focus Group on Institutions,
Regulation and Markets in Transportation, Santa Barbara, CA, USA, May 2003.
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Some good notes on the airline industry, which is often ignored in analyses of sustainable transportation. Leisure travel is a major and growing part of the airline business. Airlines are often in a privileged position in terms of taxes, and have few incentives to reduce externalities. “When thinking about measures to achieve sustainable transport, there are some (like pricing) that are common to all futures. Such measures need to be implemented now, even though their impacts might be slow in the initial stages. For example, the UK government has increased the costs of driving through raising fuel duty by at least 5 per cent in real terms each year. In the transport sector, this is the main policy being pursued to meet the Kyoto reduction targets for CO2 emissions. Over the past six years, this has increased the price of a litre of fuel from 45 pence to 85 pence (1994-2000), of which 70 pence is tax and duty. The escalator has been removed (2000) after pressure from industry and other interests, particularly those in rural areas.”
Keywords: transport planning, intercity transport
Eric J. Miller.
The trouble with intercity travel demand models.
Transportation Research Record, 1895:94-101, 2004.
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Keywords: transport modelling, intercity transport
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